are prehistoric sea creatures dating
back 125 million years.
25 years of professional tarpon fishing experience
The life and habits of tarpon
Tarpon , the common name for members of the family Elopidae, large herring
like game fish of the warm seas of the Western Hemisphere, tarpon range
occasionally from Long Island to Brazil and to the west coast of Africa
and enter freshwater streams freely. The tarpons heavy, silvery scales,
sometimes used as ornaments, give them the name silver king. Tarpon
average 6 ft in length and 150 LB in weight and are about 15 to 30 years
old, although some big females may be over 8 ft long and weigh more
than 300 LB and be over 50 years old. Tarpon are active and predacious,
they prey on schools of small fish and crustaceans. They are favorites
of saltwater fishermen, particularly Tarpon Atlanticu's, found
in the warmer parts of the Atlantic Ocean. Tarpon are classified in
the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Osteichthyes, order
Clupeiformes, family Elopidae.
Megalops Atlanticus, the tarpon. Not a lot is known about tarpon.
They have no food value and are generally considered a catch and release
sport fish. Tarpon are thought to be prehistoric sea creatures dating
back about 125 million years. Tarpon have a unique air bladder that
allows them to actually take in air from the surface. The tarpons air
bladder helps baby tarpon survive in freshwater and oxygen depleted
waters which are free from predators. Tarpon spawn in the spring. A
fertilized female may drop as many as 15 million eggs which develop
into tiny leech or ribbon like larvae. These larvae migrate from offshore,
where they are believed to be born, to inshore estuaries where they
develop into tiny tarpon. These tiny tarpon are said to be able to live
in some unbelievably fragile water just inches deep. As the baby tarpon
grow they continue to move to larger bodies of water until they reach
sexual maturity at about 6 to 7 years of age when they join the mature
schools of tarpon.
Except for their first 10 years tarpon spend most of their lives offshore
and are a bit of a mystery. Tarpon feed primarily on fish and
crustaceans. During the spring spawn tarpon collect inshore
by the thousands offering anglers an incredible fishing opportunity.
The largest tarpon are thought to weigh up to 300 pounds but
really big Florida tarpon weigh around the 200 pound mark. The
Florida state record tarpon weighed 243 LBS. Our fishery produces
lots of tarpon from 80 to 150 pounds and a good number of 200
pound fish. In our area of the Florida Keys there are always
smaller resident tarpon available to the angler year round.
The best Florida Keys tarpon fishing is from March through June
with the peak migration occurring from April through May.
If you'd like to try your luck at landing a tarpon, give us a call!
Live bait tarpon fishing
We specialize in live bait tarpon fishing
and use crabs, shrimp, pinfish and mullet. The basic live bait technique
is to anchor our boat and free line a lively bait down current to areas
we know hold tarpon. Sometimes the bait is weighted to get it near the
bottom. Weights very with the speed of the tidal current. Heavy weights
can cause hooks to pull out. To correct this we use light copper wire
to attach the weights to our line so they will easily drop off and not
be a hazard when we fight the tarpon. Sometimes a small piece of Styrofoam
is rigged as a breakaway float to suspend the bait. Tarpon are powerful
and have hard rough mouths, sharp gill plates, and abrasive scales.
For tarpon fishing leaders we use about 6 to 12 feet of heavy monofiliment
or fluorocarbon line from 60 to 125 LB test. Tarpon fishing hooks will
vary with the size of the bait and hook brand. A 6/0 live bait hook
to an 11/0 circle hook is what we like best. It's important to rig the
live baits in the most natural way possible. For tarpon fishing with
live bait you should hook a crab in the corner of the shell, pinfish
and mullet are hooked through the mouth either vertically or horizontally.
When you are fishing with shrimp a good trick is to head or tail hook
the shrimp on a hook up jig so it won't spin in the current. In the
old days and even today some guides only take a dozen mullet for bait
on a tarpon fishing charter. We catch lots of tarpon on crabs and pinfish.
We like to have plenty of choices because tarpon are difficult fish
to catch. Some days tarpon will only eat small pinfish and other days
tarpon eat only crabs. The speed of the tidal current plays a big part
in tarpon fishing success. When the current is running fast a mullet
will be the best choice for a bait because it won't spin as much in
the current. An experienced tarpon guide will use various sizes and types of bait
for the conditions. As you can see there
are lots of variables to consider for as well as other fish to catch
while you're fishing for tarpon. When we are tarpon fishing we like
to keep a bait on the bottom and one or two baits free lined at different
depths. For the best results we will use 3 or 4 different baits at the
same time until we find what the tarpon prefer. If the tarpon don't
bite change your bait, change your rigging, change your leader or change
the depth you are fishing. If that doesn't work move to a new location.
fishing with artificial baits
we specialize in live bait tarpon fishing we have had good luck with
big top water baits and minnow imitations as well as soft plastic baits.
For top water tarpon fishing casting big chuggers and sliders like the
Zara Spook can be productive. For chuggers and poppers we like to use
a "chug and pause" presentation for sliders
you can't beat "walking the dog". You should fish big minnow
baits with a fast retrive and add a pause or stall to make the retrive
more erratic. Some of the best artificial baits for tarpon fishing are
big soft plastics that immitate bait fish, eels and sea worms. These
can be weighted to fish deep and are versital substitutes for live bait.
We fish these baits slow and like to free line, dead drift them deep
or rig them on jigs just like live bait.
Tarpon fishing rods and line
We like light tackle for tarpon fishing.
For fishing bridges 20 LB spinning gear or 30 LB conventional gear is
required. For open water tarpon fishing and smaller tarpon you could
drop down to 12 or 15 LB tackle depending on the
size of the tarpon. We have found Ande or Trileen Big Game line to be
good choices for cost and performance. Our conventional reel of choice
would be a Shimano TLD20. Penn, Shimano and Diawa all make good 20 LB
spinning reels for tarpon fishing. Star hand crafted rods are solid
performers, we like a 7 foot rod. It is a good idea to use a gimbaled
rod of a heavier weight than your line rating and be sure to have a
Tarpon fishing tips
1. Setting the hook. You don't need to set the
hook hard with tarpon. Because of the tarpon's hard mouth the best approach
with most types of live bait hooks is to drop back about 10 feet of
line and let the line tighten up or just leave the rod in the rod holder
until the tarpon is stripping line off your reel. Another trick is to
put the rod tip in the water and reel fast! All of these tarpon hook
setting techniques allow the hook to hit one of the three soft spots
in a tarpons mouth, the corners on either side or the button in the
2. Set the drag right. Many anglers set the drag
to tight for tarpon fishing. 20% to 25% of the line weight is a good
rule. Remember knots weaken your line up to 25%. If you are tarpon fishing
with 20 pound test line set the drag at 4 to 5 pounds. A good way to
be sure of the drag setting is to use a hand held scale to double check
your setting. If the tarpon keep breaking your line use heavier line!
Maintain your drag and keep your drag washers clean, to keep a drag
running smoothly try lubricating the washers with a little STP. Bridge fishing has its own rules and requires the most drag and maximum pressure.
3. Let the tarpon run. Tarpon are
strong and usually give you a very hard initial run. When tarpon fishing
often lines are broken starting the drag. If you are fishing in open
water let the tarpon run until it looses some steam then apply pressure.
If you are fishing around obstacles that might cut your line use heavier
line and tackle, put more pressure on the tarpon and chase the tarpon
with your boat.
4. Good knots. Learn how to tie the
best knots for tarpon fishing. To tie a hook or swivel on to monofiliment
line up to about 50 LBS a palomer knot is hard to beat and lots of anglers like a loop knot. For heavier
mono try an clinch knot or uni-knot. For joining heavy leader to the
main line a surgeons knot is my favorite but a well tied blood knot or a uni-knot work. Be
sure you pull your knots up tight!
5. Proper leaders. A tarpons body
and gill plates are abrasive and can damage line in hurry. A light leader
set up for tarpon fishing would be 3 feet of 60 LB fluorocarbon leader
tied to 10 feet of 40 LB leader attached to 15 or 20 LB doubled main
line. For bridge tarpon fishing try 6 to 10 feet of 100 to 125 LB leader
tied to a heavy barrel swivel or directly to a doubled 20 or 30 LB main
line. If you use lead weights be sure to attach them with light copper
rigging wire so they will drop off before the fight, they can be like
bullets when a tarpon throws the hook.
6. Fight a tarpon right. If you are
tarpon fishing in open water and you hook up with a tarpon be ready
for a strong run and some jumps. This is not the time to apply a lot
of pressure. After the initial frantic run start to apply pressure.
The rod is for fighting the tarpon, the reel is for storing the line.
Try to avoid fighting the tarpon with the rod high over your head. Keep
steady pressure on the tarpon by holding your rod tip down and pump
up, reel down, pump up and reel down. Use the rod to pull the tarpon
to you without reeling, use the reel to pick up the line you have pulled
to you by dropping the rod toward the tarpon and reeling fast. When
the tarpon jumps let off pressure or "bow to the king", this keeps the
line from being cut on the tarpons gill plates and body. If you feel
a strong run point the rod tip at the fish and let it run on the drag
resuming pressure as the run slows. When you feel the pressure let off
pick up the slack by reeling fast until you can put the pressure back
on. It's always best to fight a tarpon as close as you can without getting
to much line out. This will reduce the chances of getting cut off and
makes it much easier to control a tarpon. The most common mistake anglers
make is not being alert and prepared for the power these fish have.
Trust your drag and put plenty of pressure on these big fish.
7. Bridge tricks for fighting a tarpon. Tarpon love current and bridge passes. Tarpon fishing at bridges
is a situation requiring the best skill and experience. Many tarpon
have been cut off on the concrete pilings. This is where an experienced
tarpon fishing guide can really help. Boat control and the ability to
chase a tarpon are key elements. When tarpon fishing we usually anchor
up current of the bridge pilings and let our baits drift back to the
tarpon. We use a quick release line and a float to hold the anchor line,
when you hook up with a tarpon quickly release your anchor and chase
the tarpon. If you're lucky the tarpon will swim away from the bridge
and into open water where you can enjoy the fight. If the tarpon stays
in the the pilings good luck! We usually give chase, apply a lot of
pressure and try to shorten up the line as much as possible. If it's
not a big tarpon you can pull it out of the pilings. You must work quickly
as a team with the angler aggressively getting the tarpon under control
and the boat operator watching the line and positioning the boat to
keep the line clear of the bridge pilings. You can either pull the tarpon
out or get cut off so put the pressure on. Once you clear the bridge
try to position your boat between the bridge and the tarpon. Tarpon
will usually swim away from the direction of pressure. Tarpon are big
strong fish and you must trust your tackle and drag to overpower them.
8. Keep the tarpon's head up.
When you get the tarpon close to the boat keep the tarpon's head up
so it won't start another run. Learn what pressure is to a 100 LB tarpon
and keep the pressure on!
9. Catch and release tips.
We take the greatest care with these beautiful prehistoric sea creatures.
These incredible fish were made for angling and we should do everything
possible to preserve our tarpon fishery for the generations to come.
For live bait tarpon fishing circle hooks are the best for releasing
tarpon unharmed. Don't let the tarpon run too long with the live bait
before setting the hook and try not to fight a tarpon so long that it
becomes exhausted. Release tarpon at the side of the boat without lifting
them out of the water. Lifting a tarpon or bringing a tarpon aboard
for a photograph will
kill it. Wear gloves to leader and handle a tarpon. You can leave the
tarpon in the water and grab the lower jaw with a gloved hand to remove
a hook. If you can't remove the hook cut the leader as short as possible,
the salt water will dissolve the hook. Sharks eat tarpon and usually
attack when the tarpon is tired. Learn how much pressure you can put
on a big fish like this and land them as quickly as possible.